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Symptoms typically occur four to 10 days after a person has been infected.

 Three people in Michigan have died from Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE), according to Michigan.gov. As of Friday, one person in Wisconsin and one person in Massachusetts also have died, according to Journal Sentinel, jsonline.com.

 According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), EEE virus

is a rare cause of brain infections (encephalitis). Only a few cases are reported in the United States each year. Most occur in

eastern or Gulf Coast states. Approximately 30 percent of people with EEE die and many survivors have ongoing neurologic problems.

 Health officials in Michigan are reporting that this year, the EEE virus has infected seven people in the state, including one in Barry County, one in Berrien County, one in Cass County, three in Kalamazoo County and one in Van Buren County. Three of those infected have since died.

 The Michigan Health Department is warning residents of the risk of mosquito bites and to reconsider evening outdoor activities, especially involving children, while mosquitoes are still active. Mosquitoes shouldn’t be as much as a risk after the area has a hard frost.

 The EEE has also infected animals including nine horses, including three in Kalamazoo, three in St. Joseph, two in Barry and one in Lapeer counties. Five deer were infected, including one in Cass, one in Barry, one in Kalamazoo, one in Van Buren and one in Genesee counties.

 Additionally, according to the health department, two Michigan residents (one in Genesee County) and one in Washtenaw County were infected with a California group virus.

 West Nile virus (WNV) has sickened two Michigan residents, including one in Genesee County and one in Wayne County. Routine testing of the blood supply identified as WNV in four Michigan blood donors.

Preventing mosquito bites and arboviruses

 The most effective way to avoid arboviruses, viruses transmitted by mosquitoes or other insects, is to prevent mosquito bites. Be aware of the West Nile virus and other arbovirus activity in your area and take action to protect yourself and your family.

 Use Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellents with one of the active ingredients below. When used as directed, EPA-registered insect repellents are proven safe and effective, even for pregnant and breastfeeding women, according to Michigan.gov.

• DEET 

• Picaridin

• IR3535

• Oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE) or para menthane-diol (PMD)

• 2-undecanone

 See the Wednesday, Sept. 25 edition to find out what local communities are doing to combat the problem.

Tips for babies and children

 • Always follow instructions when applying insect repellent to children.

 • Do not use insect repellent on babies younger than 2 months old.

 • Do not apply insect repellent onto a child’s hands, eyes, mouth, and cut or irritated skin.

 • Adults: Spray insect repellent onto your hands and then apply to a child’s face.

 • Do not use products containing oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE) or para-menthane-diol (PMD) on children under 3 years old.

APM Mosquito Control ups its efforts to eradicate deadly mosquitoes

Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEE) virus is a member of the Genus Alphavirus, family Togaviridae.

EEE virus is closely related to western equine encephalitis virus and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus. EEE virus is maintained in a cycle between Culiseta melanura mosquitoes and avian hosts in freshwater hardwood swamps. Cs. melanura is not an important vector of EEE virus to humans because it feeds almost exclusively on birds. Transmission to humans requires mosquito species capable of creating a “bridge” between infected birds and uninfected mammals, such as some Aedes, Coquillettidia, and Culex species. Michigan has confirmed 3 deaths as of Monday, Sept. 23.

Michigan has seen a sharp increase in the number of Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) cases in 2019. To date, nine horses, four deer and five human cases have been confirmed. Citizens should participate in the effort to prevent mosquito bites by eliminating sources of stagnant water on their property and dumping water where possible to prevent mosquito eggs from hatching or larvae from developing into biting adults.

APM Mosquito Control (APM) has initiated additional surveillance activity in the immediate area of the infected deer detection. Should additional mosquitoes test positive for EEE or mosquito populations increase, localized spraying will continue as weather conditions allow.

CDC (dry ice) traps will be utilized to collect adult mosquitoes throughout the area for testing purposes with samples submitted to MSU for testing.

APM is reinforcing recommendations released by the Michigan Department of Health and Human Service concerning preventative action.

Please visit: https://www.michigan.gov/emergingdiseases/0,4579,7-186-76711_77442---,00.html for further information.

APM Mosquito Control provides full service integrated mosquito management in the tri-county area. According to Fenton City Manager Lynn Markland, APM will be spraying in the city of Fenton this week. Also, in adherence with the city’s contract, they are continuing to trap mosquitos and having them analyzed by MSU. APM analyzes the trapped mosquitos for any diseases they may be carrying.  This is a part of the city’s contract that is done regularly throughout the season. 

The easiest and best way to avoid a mosquito virus is to prevent mosquito bites by doing the following:

· When you are outdoors, use insect repellent containing an EPA-registered active ingredient.

· Many mosquitoes are most active at dusk and dawn. Be sure to use insect repellent and wear long sleeves and pants at these times or consider staying indoors during these hours.

· Make sure you have good screens on your windows and doors to keep mosquitoes out.

· Get rid of mosquito breeding sites by emptying standing water from flowerpots, buckets, and barrels, etc. Change the water in pet dishes and replace the water in bird baths weekly. Drill holes in tire swings so water drains out. Keep children’s wading pools empty and tipped onto their sides when they aren’t being used.

· Use fine mesh screen on the top of rain barrels to prevent female adults from reaching the water surface to lay eggs.

APM specializes in full service integrated mosquito management programs. If you are interested in services for your community, please contact our local office: 877-276-4714.

Symptoms of EEE:

• High fever

• Headache

• Tiredness

• Nausea/vomiting

• Neck stiffness

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