Opioid

 The Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs (LARA) recently announced that opioid prescriptions dropped by 15 percent in 2018 compared to 2017. These include Oxycontin, Vicodin and Fentanyl.

 The overall number of schedule II through V controlled substances dropped 11 percent.

 Schedule I drugs are illegal drugs. Schedule II through V drugs include opioids, but also medications with a varying possibility of abuse.

 According to a Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) fact sheet, these include amphetamines like Adderall and other drugs like Tylenol with Codeine and Xanax. These have decreased 11 percent.

 LARA attributes this change to the implementation of the MAPS registration system. MAPS is an acronym for Michigan Automated Prescription System.

 The system was created per Public Acts 248 and 249, which requires the prescribers of these drugs to be registered and share their numbers with the MAPS system. Most types of medical doctors are included, along with physician assistants with practice agreements.

 The system first launched in April of 2017 as a digital web portal.

 These diminished numbers are tabulated from the 2018 Drug Utilization report, which breaks down the drug type, quantities and age information by zip code and county. The 48430 zip code for Fenton had dozens of entries ranging from acetaminophen to Fentanyl. Linden’s zip code of 48451 also had dozens of responses, and so did Holly (48442).

 The National Institutes of Health reported that between 2004 and 2014, the instances of children being born addicted to opioids increased five-fold. The NIH estimated that a child was born every 15 minutes addicted to opioids.

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